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X. Track, Kickball, Whiffle Ball Unit

Health/Physical Education                                             Jeff Miele






 All grade levels:  Opening Exercises


      • Students enter the gym and go directly to their exercise spaces.
      • Announcements – Caring Habit for May– “Be Appreciative “
      • Various stretches and strength building exercises.
      • Warm-up activity – 45 sec. Timed relay run (cardiovascular endurance)






Activity:   Continue with the Track and Field / Kickball Units/Wiffleball




     The purpose of these units will be to introduce students to the numerous events that make up the sport of track and field and to give a basic understanding of the rules and skills in kickball/baseball/softball.  These units are linked together because of the use of the running element in both activities.






  • To give students a basic understanding of the events of track and field.
  • To give students a basic understanding of the skills and rules of kickball.
  • To develop a joy for running.
  • To provide opportunities for enjoyment of this sport as a lifetime activity.
  • The achievement of a physically active lifestyle.
  • The development of movement skill competency.
  • To develop responsible social and personal behaviors.
  • To appreciate the relationships and benefits that result from working and participating with others in and out of physical education class.
  • To use class time effectively.






Lesson 1:  Introduction to track and field activities


    1. Students are given a brief example of the events that make up a track and field event.
    2. Relays
    3. Dashes
    4. Hurdles
    5. Discus
    6. Pole vault
    7. Long jumping




  • Skill: Running


-         Body remains erect


-         Weight contacts the ball of the foot on the landing


-         Arms are carried at approximately 90 degrees


-         Relax the body






Procedures:  Students will be involved in a running relay in which 8 to 10 players per team run a race around the outside area of the gym.


Relay formation as shown below. Health/P.E. Standard 10.3.6 and 10.4.

































                                                 GYM AREA






Lesson 2: Continue running activities




Goal:  Students should become more comfortable with their running.


  • Practice correct starting positions
  • Practice the baton handoff




Running Tasks –Can you exchange the baton when the receiver is:


  • Facing you
  • Running away from you
  • Looking at the passer
  • Not looking at the pacer
  • Hand is palm up
  • Hand is palm down




Procedure:  Students will practice the square relay using the baton.  Students are divided into two equal teams.  Students will also have a chance to challenge other team members in a relay. Health/P.E. Standard 10.3.3, 10.4.3, 10.3.6, 10.4.6




Lesson 3:  Kickball/Wiffleball




Overall goal:  To give basic skills and understanding of the games. 




Skill: Throwing








·        To increase the distance, speed and accuracy of a thrown ball.


·        To be able to make accurate tosses to a partner at varying distances








  • Whether a ball is thrown, underhanded, sidearmed or overhanded, the grip is the same.
  • Fingers are spread comfortably but tightly across the seam of the ball.
  • Weight transfers begin on the rear foot and follows through to the front as the ball is released.




Procedure:  One ball for every two players – practice throwing and catching


Students will play a game of “Fat Bat” wiffleball. Health/P.E. Standard 10.3.3, 10.4.3, 10.3.6, 10.4.6






Lesson 4:  Base running






  • For the students to use the skills learned in track activities in the kickball/wiffleball activities.
  • Use the skills learned in phys. ed. class in after school activities.






  • You may overrun first base only
  • Runners must touch each base
  • No leading off base
  • No base stealing
  • Run within the limits of the base lines
  • If the base line is blocked by another player the runner is awarded the next base




Procedure:  Teacher demonstration of correct base running and the students will do a short base running drill before they play an actual game of kickball/wiffleball.




Activity:  Students will play a game of kickball/wiffleball.


Health/P.E. Standard 10.3.3, 10.4.3, 10.3.6, 10.4.6






Lesson 5:  Catching






  • To increase success in catching a thrown, hit or kicked ball
  • To be able to demonstrate proper form when catching ground balls, line drives and fly balls.










  • Keep your eye on the ball.
  • Little fingers are together and directed down for catches below the waist.
  • Thumbs together, fingers pointed up for catches above the waist.
  •  On high fly balls, try to catch the ball above the head.




Procedures:  Students will practice throwing and catching a ball with a partner.




Activity:  Students will play a game of kickball or wiffleball.


Health/P.E. Standard 10.3.3, 10.4.3, 10.3.6, 10.4.6




Special inside rules for playing in the gym:


  • 3 foul balls is an out
  • Running pass homeplate on the kick is an out
  • Ball hits the ceiling is an out
  • Leading off the base or stealing is an out.






Daily observation evaluations are made at the conclusion of each class period.


Scores are given for:


  • Participation
  • Sportspersonship
  • Cooperation
  • Attitude
  • Self-responsibility




Adopt an Anchor


  • R3-6.B.1   Interpretation and Analysis of Fictional and Nonfictional Text   


Understand Components Within and Across Texts in nonfiction.      


“Comparing Sport Stories” 




  • MD.2   Algebraic Concepts


Represent and/or analyze mathematical situations using numbers, symbols, words, tables and/or graphs

“Charting Team and Tournament Standings