LORD OF THE FLIES: SUMMER READING STUDY GUIDE
DIRECTIONS: The following questions will help you prepare for the
SUMMER READING EXAM on Lord of the Flies. Use your book to find these
answers and make sure that you CITE page numbers. You will be tested on
this book when you return to school during the first week of classes.
Chapters 1 - 2
• Sam & Eric
• "The littluns"
2. How did the boys happen to come to the island?
3. What do the boys have that is the symbol of authority in the society they form?
4. What does the reader learn about Jack when he slashed the green candle
5. Why does Jack hesitate when he lifts his knife to kill the piglet, and what
does he promise will happen next time he meets a pig?
6. Who are the hunters, and what is their job?
7. What does a little 'un think he has seen in the forest?
8. How and why do the boys make fire?
9. Why does the boys' plan for rescue fail?
Chapters 3 - 4
10. Although Ralph criticizes the boys for their lack of cooperation, does he
bear some of the responsibility for the failures of the group to achieve its
goals? Why or why not?
11. How has Jack's personality developed during his stay on the island?
12. Ralph says of Simon, "He's queer. He's funny." What kind of a boy is
13. After Maurice and Roger destroy the littluns' sand castles, Roger stalks
the young boy named Henry. When he begins to throw stones, why does he
just throw them near him instead of directly at him?
14. What causes the hunters, who had promised to keep the fire burning, to
neglect it and allow it to go out?
15. Why does Jack paint his face?
Chapters 5 - 6
16. How does the author show us that Ralph is finally beginning to face the
realities of their existence?
17. Compare Ralph's treatment of the littluns with Jack's.
18. What is Simon saying when he thinks the "beast" may be inside they
19. What do Sam and Eric tell the boys they have seen? What is it actually?
20. Why do Ralph and Jack decide to go find the beast?
Chapters 7 - 8
21. How does Ralph react when a boar comes charging down the path?
22. To what does Ralph's demonstration of his hunting prowess lead?
23. What did the boys see on the mountain top?
24. Why is the action of the story increasingly taking place in the near
darkness or in the deep night when only the moon and stars give a little
25. How does Ralph's waning confidence in himself show in his words and
26. Although he is not able to get the boys to vote Ralph out of office as
chief, Jack manages to overthrow Ralph's authority anyway. How?
27. Jack suggests a way to keep the beast happy. What is it?
28. Describe Simon's strange encounter with the Lord of the Flies.
29. Who or what is the Lord of the Flies?
Chapters 9 - 11
30. What does Simon find when he finally reaches the Beast?
31. What happens to Simon when he returns to the group?
32. As a result of the storm with its high winds and high tides, what happens
to the bodies of Simon and the parachutist?
33. What does Jack plan to steal from Ralph and Piggy?
34. What will Jack do if someone interferes with him?
35. What happens to the conch and to Piggy?
36. What are Jack's plans for Ralph?
37. What course of action does Ralph take?
38. What is Ralph's reaction when he encounters the pig's skull?
39. Driven by fear and hunger, Ralph manages to make contact with
Samneric who are standing guard at Castle Rock. Of what do they warn him?
40. In what ways does the tribe try to hunt down Ralph?
41. What or who saves Ralph in the end?
DIRECTIONS: Select ONE of the following ESSAY questions. These
will appear on the SUMMER READING EXAM. Prepare for this portion
of the exam by writing a response using DETAILS from the text to
support your ideas. Remember to use TOPIC SENTENCES and write
your response using COMPLETE SENTENCES
1. If you were to rewrite Lord of the Flies as a play, where would you start
and end each act? Explain why.
2. Where is the climax of the story? Justify your answer.
3. Explain the importance of the setting in Lord of the Flies. Could this story
have been set in a different time and place and still have the same effect?
4. In what ways does William Golding try to make the story believable? Is he
successful; is the story believable?
5. What are the conflicts in the story, and how is each resolved?
6. Compare and contrast Ralph and Jack.
7. What is the symbolic importance of the pig's head? Explain.
8. What is the symbolic importance of each of the following: Piggy's glasses,
the conch, and the fire?
9. Why did the Lord of the Flies speak to Simon instead of any of the other
10. Explain how the title relates to the events of the novel and the themes
of Lord of the Flies.
11. Compare Jack's tactics to terrorist and gang tactics. How are they
similar? How are they different?
12. In the struggle for power between Jack and Ralph, what advantages
does Jack have? Ralph?
13. Eating meat was important to the boys. Why? How was it symbolically
14. Which characters in the book die? Who is responsible for each of their
15. Traditionally, children are portrayed as innocent. Are they in Lord of the
Flies? Explain how so or how not.
16. Whose fault was it that things didn't work out on the island? Explain.